Even though the clergy and judges in the Middle Ages were skeptical of accusations of witchcraft, the period —30 can be seen as the beginning of witch trials.
Ten defendants were given sentences of five years and the eleventh was sentenced to three years. Moreover, just as the growth of literacy and of reading the Bible helped spread dissent, so did they provoke resistance and fear. If a boat sinks because it has a hole in its bottom or a car breaks down because its battery is dead, witchcraft is not responsible.
Again, witches are typically seen as particularly active after dusk, when law-abiding mortals are asleep. People believed in witchcraft, even when it contradicted scientific evidence proving that it did not exist. Inthe American Civil Liberties Union ejected founding member Elizabeth Gurley Flynnsaying that her membership in the Communist Party was enough to disqualify her as a civil libertarian.
Presided over by judges including Hathorne, Samuel Sewall and William Stoughton, the court handed down its first conviction, against Bridget Bishop, on June 2; she was hanged eight days later on what would become known as Gallows Hill in Salem Town.
Also, the people of Salem, like the people of Europe, believed that witches existed and that many of them were evil. While this usually protected them from a contempt of Congress citation, it was considered grounds for dismissal by many government and private industry employers.
Would you like to merge this question into it? Common themes uniting the coalition were opposition to internationalism, particularly the United Nations ; opposition to social welfare provisionsparticularly the various programs established by the New Deal ; and opposition to efforts to reduce inequalities in the social structure of the United States.
In the Near East—in ancient Mesopotamia, Syria, Canaan, and Palestine—belief in the existence of evil spirits was universal, so that both religion and magic were thought to be needed to appease, offer protection from, or manipulate these spirits. In addition, capital punishment deters murders previously believed to be undeterrable: If preventative measures prove ineffective for the Navajo, then the confession of a witch is thought to cure the evil magic, and torture is sometimes used to extract that confession.
Both Protestants and Catholics were involved in the prosecutions, as the theology of the Protestant Reformers on the Devil and witchcraft was virtually indistinguishable from that of the Catholics. In some polygynous societies in Africa, these accusations are particularly prevalent between competing co-wives, but they are by no means always targeted at women.
She had also run afoul of her neighbors in the past. The trials, which were well publicized, could often destroy a career with a single unsubstantiated accusation. The legal requirements for Fifth Amendment protection were such that a person could not testify about his own association with the Communist Party and then refuse to "name names" of colleagues with Communist affiliations.
To begin to understand how civilized people could act in such barbaric ways, one needs to know some background information about the village and its citizens.
In Maythe newly appointed governor of Massachusetts, William Phips, ordered the establishment of a special Court of Oyer to hear and Terminer to decide on witchcraft cases for Suffolk, Essex and Middlesex counties. Squabbles over property were commonplace, and litigiousness was rampant.
One family, the Porters, who were against the Putnams from the beginning, were staunch objectors to witch trials. To suppose that these are incompatible alternatives is a common mistake. The Alien Registration Act or Smith Act of made it a criminal offense for anyone to "knowingly or willfully advocate, abet, advise or teach the [Top 10% Absolutely Positively the Best 30 Death Penalty Websites on the Internet (Top 1%) Death Penalty Information Center Probably the single most comprehensive and authoritative internet rersource on the death penalty, including hundreds of anti-death penalty articles, essays, and quotes on issues of deterrence, cost, execution of the innocent, racism, public opinion, women, juveniles.
The Salem witch trials occurred in colonial Massachusetts between and More than people were accused of practicing witchcraft—the Devil's. The McCarthy Hearings are referred to as "witch-hunts" because of their similarity to the Salem witch trials.
The McCarthy hearings are trials in which Senator Joe McCarthy accuses government employees of being Communists. Throughout the s and s America was overwhelmed with concerns about the threat of communism growing in Eastern Europe and China.
Capitalizing on those concerns, a young Senator named Joseph. McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence. The term refers to U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy and has its origins in the period in the United States known as the Second Red Scare, lasting from the late s through the s and characterized by heightened political repression as.
The hysteria in the Salem Witch Trials led to many girls being accus ed of witch craft and hanged. McCarthyism was fueled by hysteria because people accused others of Communism on a whim.Download